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Patients’ Genes Seen as Future of Cancer Care

Cancer - NY Times

Major academic medical centers in New York and around the country are spending and recruiting heavily in what has become an arms race within the war on cancer. The investments are based on the belief that the medical establishment is moving toward the routine sequencing of every patient’s genome in the quest for “precision medicine,” a course for prevention and treatment based on the special, even unique characteristics of the patient’s genes.


Coelacanth DNA May Tell How Fish Learned to Walk

Coelacanth - NY Times

In the hope of reconstructing a pivotal step in evolution — the colonization of land by fish that learned to walk and breathe air — researchers have decoded the genome of the coelacanth, a prehistoric-looking fish whose form closely resembles those seen in the fossils of 400 million years ago.


Genome of ancient Denisovans may help clarify human evolution


Our ancestors didn't walk alone: Neanderthals and other ancient peoples shared Earth with them tens of thousands of years ago. Now, using new technology, scientists have sequenced with high precision the genome of one of those close but little-known relatives: an extinct people known as the Denisovans, who lived in and around modern-day Siberia.


Banana genome sequencing gives a boost to pest-plagued fruit


Bananas are difficult to breed and are under attack from a host of diseases and other pests. The DNA data from a key species provide an important step in protecting the fruit. Breeding a stronger, better banana is not for the weak-willed.


Inventor of plumbing on a chip wins $500,000 prize

Stephen Quake, a prolific inventor whose application of physics to biology has led to breakthroughs in drug discovery, genome analysis and personalized medicine, has won the $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize, a prestigious award for outstanding innovators.


Glow-in-the-dark cats against AIDS, other diseases

Glow-in-the-dark cats against AIDS, other diseases

Mayo Clinic researchers have developed a genome-based immunization strategy to fight feline AIDS and illuminate ways to combat human HIV/AIDS and other diseases. The goal is to create cats with intrinsic immunity to the feline AIDS virus.


Bacterial Genome Sequencing Offers Latest Tool Against Diseases

Bacterial Genome Sequencing Offers Latest Tool Against Diseases

Investigators can now take precautions against diseases starting to emerge, like flu or food-borne bugs and antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria.


Genetic map of cold virus a step toward cure

Genetic map of cold virus a step toward cure

Researchers have solved the first step in treating the common cold, by mapping its entire genome, or genetic map, teams from the University of Maryland and the University of Wisconsin-Madison reported Thursday.


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